Dwarka Expressway, also known as Northern Peripheral Road or National Highway 248-BB, is an 8-lane, elevated grade-separated expressway that will eventually stretch for 27.6 kilometres from Dwarka in Delhi to Kherki Daula Toll Plaza in Gurgaon, Haryana. The motorway will begin at Shiv Murti in Mahipalpur, Delhi (kilometre 20 of National Highway 48, or old National Highway 8), and end at Kherki Daula Toll Plaza in Gurgaon, Haryana (kilometre 40 of National Highway 48). To alleviate congestion on the Delhi-Gurgaon Expressway, the NPR was envisioned as a parallel roadway connecting the two cities. The expressway’s opening date was pushed back from 2012 to 2014 due to complications with land acquisition.
The entire project was planned in 2006 at a cost of 7,500 crores, and its contract was given in 2011. In 2016, only 14 kilometres had been finished out of the intended 18 miles. It was decided to extend the project’s scope by adding several extra kilometres of paths. Land purchase and tree transplantation concerns had caused more delays in the project, prompting the Prime Minister’s office to step in and try to fix things in November 2018. In the months that followed, Haryana and Delhi gave over the property for the 10-kilometre portion, and AAI and HSVP worked to move the resolution along as quickly as possible in December 2018.
After years of incomprehensible delays, Delhi’s Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal finally consented in November 2018 to grant the land from DDA that NHAI needed to transplant 13,000 trees off the route alignment. Haryana also transferred ownership of land along the 10-kilometre road to NHAI in December, and as of December 31, 2018, the transfer of land along the 4-kilometre route was under progress.
When the route crossed onto AAI’s property in January 2018, the company quickly agreed to sell the site to NHAI. Altogether, this settles the question of where to find the land throughout the entire path, including contributions from the likes of AAI, DDA, and HSVP.
In 2006, planners envisioned the Northern Peripheral Road as an alternative route between Dwarka and Gurgaon. There would have been no signals throughout its whole 18-kilometre length; 14 kilometres would have been in Gurgaon and the remaining distance would have been in Delhi. It was intended to link to the Southern Peripheral Road (SPR) at Kherki Daula on NH-48 by a 3.2-kilometre-long Central Peripheral Road (CPR). In 2007–2008, the process of acquiring land began. JSR Construction Private Ltd and India Bulls Private Ltd were awarded the construction contract in April 2011 with a completion date of March 31, 2012. In May 2015, the petitions were resolved by the Punjab and Haryana High Court. The National Highways Authority of India took over the project in June 2016, at which point the road’s designation was changed to National Highway 248-BB. A 14-kilometre section of the motorway had been built by that point. The projected Central Peripheral Road (CPR) and a 6.3 km long portion of Urban Extension Road-II (UER II) are now a part of the motorway as the project’s scope grew. The issue of the assignment of alternate plots to oustees was being heard in the Punjab and Haryana High Court, therefore construction could not begin immediately. As of the 28th of May, 2018, the High Court ordered HUDA to give alternative residences to 72 oustees having General Power of Attorney or Special Power of Attorney within two weeks, paving the way for the authority to destroy the remaining buildings and transfer over the land to NHAI.
Route and Construction
This project, which spans 29 kilometres and includes 11 kilometres in Delhi and 18 kilometres in Gurugram, is scheduled for completion in May of 2023. The Haryana section is ready to begin construction in December 2018. Delhi has donated land, however, as of December 2018, they still haven’t delivered the necessary forest clearance. This motorway being constructed by NHAI will follow the following route alignment and phases/packages:
This is how the route is set up to the west of Gurgaon:
Mahipalpur starts at Shiv Murti on the 20-kilometre mark of NH 48. It runs along the southern edge of Indira Gandhi International Airport. Under the Delhi-Rewari railway line, near the new end of the Bijwasan railway station, are the Dwarka Sectors 21, 22, 25, 27, and 28 Najafgarh-Bijwasan Road.
Bajghera village in Gurgaon has a road bridge over the Delhi-Rewari railway line at Sectors 99 x 37D in Gurgaon National Highway 352W (Pataudi Road) near Harsaru in Gurgaon Kherki Daula Toll Plaza, where the Delhi Mumbai Expressway and Southern Peripheral Road end (Ghata-Kherki Daula 16 km route to the east of Gurugram).