If you have been to Lodi Gardens in morning, you must have seen people walking and exercising in its spacious and green environs. Not many would, however, know that this very garden has tombs of two of the most important rulers of medieval times- Muhammad Shah Sayyid and Sikander Lodi. While the latter is more popular, it is the former whose tomb was first built here and which provided the inspiration for developing the latter tomb.
Muhammed Shah Sayyid was the third ruler of the Sayyid dynasty whose tomb constructed here is one the largest surviving one till date. The Sayyid period was the times when the architectural designs of Indian and Islamic traditions began to be amalgamated in architectural buildings. This is also reflected in the Tombs of this period and thereafter, including the one of Muhammad Shah.
The tomb has octagonal chamber with a surrounding arcade. Do note that it was tradition to have octagonal chamber for the royal members whereas square chambers were used for the non-royal but important people of the Sultanate. Each phase of the octagon is pierced by three arches and a common “chajja” over all of them. The over-hangings were supported by stone corbels. On the roof there are eight “chhatris” or domes which is an element of Hindu architecture. These rings or surround the main central dome which rests on 16 sided high drum. The ceiling of the dome is decorated with stucco that has circular design with motifs of Arabic and calligraphic influence.
So, Lodi Gardens do enclose vital chapters of historic architecture in the form of these two tombs of medieval emperors present here. Tourist from India and abroad visit here for learning and drawing inspiration from the cultural ethos of past and the architectural wonders manifested in the form of these two tombs.
Location and Metro Connectivity
Muhammad Shah Sayyid Tomb is located on Lodi Gardens, just opposite Lodi Colony, on the northern part of Lodhi Road. Approach to Lodi Road can be easily done using Sir Aurobindo Marg or Max Mueller Marg.
Jor Bagh Station on Yellow Line of Delhi Metro is the closest Metro Station to reach this monument.