|Monuments in Delhi
Sansad Marg, Connaught Place, New Delhi, Delhi 110001
Reasons to be here –
History dwellers, Science fanatics and Ingenuity of Indians!
Entry Fee –
5/person (Indian residence)
100/person (Foreign residence)
|Open Time||6 AM|
|Close Time||6 PM|
|Days Open||All days of week|
Traveller’s Pick – Jantar Mantar
Jantar mantar is counted as one of the five observatories built in the year 1724 by the famous Maharaja of Jaipur, Sawai Jai Singh II. It is said that Jantar Mantar was built in the pursuit of overall scientific knowledge. If you are planning tourist Capital city New Delhi then must mention Jantar mantar in your list.
Jantar Mantar located in Delhi is considered as one of the major five observatories which was built by the Maharaja of Jaipur – Sawai Jai Singh II who was also a famous and noble in the Mughal court and a great astronomer. The other four observatories were at Jaipur, Mathura, Varanasi and Ujjain. The Jantar Mantar was constructed to trace the whole astronomical phenomena and to ascertain all the scientific data from the same region.It was used for compilation of astronomical tables and tracking the movement of sun, moon and planets.
Jantar Mantar has 13 astronomical instruments, four most important of these are the:
- Samrat Yantra
- Jayaprakasha Yantra
- Rama Yantra
- Misra Yantr
Samrat Yantra is the Supreme instrument. It is triangular in shape and its 129 feet hypotenuse is aligned parellel to Earth’s axis and points towards the North Pole. It is used to measure time in hours, minutes and seconds.
Jayaprakasha Yantra is made of hollow spheres. The concave faces of these spheres have markings. The points on each face were joined using stretched strings. A person used to sit in Ram and align the position of stars using these markings.
Ram yantra is also an instrument in Jantar Mantar of Delhi which is characterised by two cylindrical structures. The top of these cylinders is open. This was used to measure the altitude of stars on the basis of longitudes and latitudes of earth.
Misra Yantra used to measure the shortest and the longest days of earth in a year. It comprised on 5 astronomical instruments. Therefore, its name is ‘misra’, or ‘mixed’. This was the only part of the observatory which was not invented by Maharaja
Jai Singh II. This instrument also told the exact moment of noon time in different cities of India and world over.
The observatory in the capital city Delhi which emphasizes the thirst for overall scientific knowledge of the famous Mughals. After the construction of Jantar Mantar, the observatory was operational for seven years. Data of each day was well collected and then charted and devoted to the renowned reigning emperor. The name Jantar Mantar is a proper colloquial form of the actual terms yantar and mantra.
The observatory of Jantar Mantar in the city is a perfect example of art and camouflage of modern art. Samrat Yantra or the sundial is the considered as the most imposing instrument in the observatory. The sundial is a huge structure in the yellow colour with a 27m long arm was located at an angle of 27 degrees.
Metro Connectivity and Location
It is situated right on theJai Singh Marg intersection with Tolstoy Marg and Janpath lane meeting it. This is in the Connaught Place area of Delhi. Check the map below for exact location
Metro ride is one the most convenient ways of reaching this place, though a number of public transport and chartered buses also ply here. Patel Chowk Station on Yellow Line and Janpath on Violet Line of Delhi Metro are two close by Metro stations to Jantar Mantar.