One of the most revered places for Sikh community in Delhi is the Sis Ganj Gurudwara at Chandni Chowk. The place where it has been built was the site of martyrdom of 9th Sikh guru- Guru Teg bahadur who was beheaded here on 11 November, 1675 on orders of then Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.
Guru Teg Bahadur had protested against forcible conversions of Kashmiri Pandits and other religious people to Islam. This made Aurangzeb order his beheading. However, he was denied the opportunity for public display of his severed body as the body was stolen in night by his disciple, Lakhi Shah Vanjara. Lakhi Shah burnt down his house to cremate the body of his beloved guru. This site is also a place for another prominent gurudwara, Gurudwara Rakab Ganj.
The well from where Guru Teg Bahadur used to drink water while imprisoned and the tree under which he was beheaded have been preserved till date.
A few years later the head of the Guru was brought from Delhi to Anandpur Sahib by another of his disciples, Bhai Jaita also called Bhai Jivan Singh. This led to construction of another same name gurudwara- Sis Ganj- at Anandpur Sahib in Punjab.
Who Made Sis Ganj Gurdwara of Delhi?
Sis Ganj Gurudwara in Delhi was not built until 1783 when Sikh commander Baghel Singh and Ghulam Qadir Afghan attacked Delhi and occupied Red Fort (Diwan-i-Am). Baghel Singh was born in Hoshiarpur in Haryana and was a military leader of one of the leaders of Singh Krora Misl who had been fighting the Mughals. He had won areas in Punjab, Harayana and western UP before entering Delhi. The Mughal Emperor of the time, Shah Alam II, entered into an agreement with Baghel Singh allowing him to construct gurudwaras in Delhi on historical sites of Sikhs in return for the promise that Sikhs will not attack Delhi.
The gurudwaras built by Baghel Singh are –
- Gurudwara Sis Ganj
- Gurudwara Rakab Ganj
- Gurudwara Bangle Sahib
- Gurudwara Mata Sundri
- Gurudwara Majnu ka Tila
Gurudwara Sis Ganj has a history of and is symbolic of valour, pride, sacrifice and nationalism. It is deeply ingrained in the religious sentiments of Sikhs, Hindus and people from other communities.
Every day there is a “Shabd Kirtan”, recital of texts from the holy book “Granth Sahib” and “bhandaras” (free meals) are organized.
Metro Connectivity and Location
If you plan to visit this historic religious place, then you can reach here on Metro with stations at Chandni Chowk on Yellow Line and Lal Quila on Violet Line.
It is situated in the Chandni Chowk market, close to car parking facility.