Delhi has long-faced intense Air Pollution over the last few years. Seeing the rising issue of Deteriorating Air Quality in Delhi, various AQI monitoring stations are installed in Delhi NCR and many more monitoring stations will be installed very soon. In adjoining states of Delhi i.e. Haryana and Punjab, farmers have been using the process of burning stubble for years. The Centre Government has given machines to the farmers, which will ensure that farmers don’t need to burn stubble.
As per Center Government, Delhi will get BS-VI compliant vehicles by April 2020, BS-VI, or Bharat Stage VI, which is a rigorous emission measure set by the Centre to check and control pollution from vehicles that exercise combustion engines. Pollution from vehicles was a major cause of deteriorating air quality in the national Capital Delhi and its adjoining regions like Noida, Gurgaon, Ghaziabad, Faridabad etc. “Since 2006, air quality in Delhi has been deteriorating speedily.”
— ANI (@ANI) October 7, 2019
Apart from vehicular and stubble burning pollution, Delhi NCR faces high rise in pollution due to burning of fire crackers too. Near Diwali days, pollution reaches at the highest level in Delhi NCR. But now, the development of firecrackers called “Green crackers” that release up to 35 per cent lower carbon and gases. In Delhi NCR, only Green Crackers can be sold. Apart from these many prominent looking reasons for pollution, poor management of waste, inadequate sweeping of roads, and a shortfall in public transport buses in Delhi has also been the cause of Pollution in Delhi.
Last year, the EPCA had banned diesel gensets only in Delhi. However this year, the ban will come into effect in Gurgaon, Noida, Greater Noida, Faridabad, , Sonipat, Panipat Bahadurgarh and Ghaziabad. However these gensets will only be allowed in housing societies for emergency purposes like for keeping lifts operational during power outage and other essential services like hospitals etc. Another measures under the category would to increase the frequency of bus and metro services, stopping the use of coal and firewood in hotels and restaurants. Also two major bypasses The Western Peripheral Expressway or Kundli-Manesar–Palwal (KMP) Expressway and Eastern Peripheral Expressway or Kundli-Ghaziabad-Palwal (KGP) Expressway. Eastern Peripheral Expressway alone is anticipated to divert more than 50,000 trucks away from Delhi and cut down air pollution in Delhi by 27%
— editorji (@editorji) September 13, 2019
Delhi Government has also planned to bring in its old Odd Even Vehicle policy between November 4 to November 15 (10 weekdays) (Anticipating peak of stubble burning and post-Diwali effect). Though Two-wheelers, women drivers, CNG, hybrid and electric vehicles, VVIP and embassy vehicles will most most probably be exempted. Along with it Delhi Government will distribute N-95 category masks free of cost from October. Also, there will be free laser show to be held on Diwali eve to encourage people to not burst crackers. Frequent water sprinkling and mechanised sweeping of roads will also be done to curb pollution at some level. The metro phase IV is also being developed and believed to reduce pollution.
All above said measures can only be Successful only if People, the citizens too take some initiative to knock down Pollution.